VT 2015 2The second issue of World History (Világtörténet) for 2015 is a thematic issue dedicated to the topic of „The Great War” edited by László Szarka has been published. The centenary of the Great War gave birth to many comprehensive monographs, profound debates on explanations and both thematically and methodologically innovative approaches first of all with emphasis upon transnational aspects. As a result, in the international historiography of the Great War the complex evaluation of this over important event became an absolute imperative.
As the long-lasting consequence of the First World War, we may consider the complete restructuring of the European state system achieved by the peace settlements in Brest-Litovsk, in Versailles and in Sevres. The most controversial issue of the nation- and state-building efforts within the borders of the multi-national dynastic Empires leading up to these catastrophic events is represented almost only in the national historiographies. This edition is dedicated to the evaluation of the extraordinarily complex process of nationalism in Central-Eastern and South-Eastern Europe which on the one hand had been radicalised within the Empires, on the other hand had undoubtedly been promoted to the most important problem in terms of geopolitics and from the point of view of the Great Powers. In addition to the strong dynastic loyalties at the beginning of the war the war events, the brutal treatment by the civil and military authorities, the millions of refugees and the intense harassment of the nationalities gave way to national feelings and interests.

b1 vegleges emailThe second issue of Historical Review for 2015 has been published. Károly Goda’s study examines medieval Corpus Christi festivities and processions in a Central European context, arguing that with regard to the feast of the Eucharist the ecclesiastical sphere was in no way separated from the political one. Péter Tusor’s essay analyses in detail, in the framework of a research on the political role of the ecclesiastical estat, especially in the early modern era, and on the basis of newly discovered sources, the measures taken by its leader, György Lippay, primate of Hungary (1642-1666) in the interest if Miklós Zrínyi, ban of Croatia (1647-1664) in the court of Vienna during 1663–1664. Orsolya Völgyesi’s study hows the influence of Ferenc Kölcsey on the younger “reform” generation in the political environment of the 1830s. Viktória Kovács’s essay tries to shed light on the background to the landowning of the Premonstratensians examining and comparing different sources. János Buza’s paper deals with the characteristics of minting in Hungary before 1526. György Kurucz’s paper argues that the process of turning an uprising into a legitimate freedom fight for the elimination of the excesses of the Habsburg administration in the Kingdom of Hungary, including the recognition of the Hungarians as a negotiating party by the English and Dutch diplomacy at the beginning of the 18th century, was largely dependent on the military progresses made by the insurgent troops of Prince Ferenc Rákóczi II. Bálint Varga’s study attempts to answer the question, how 19th century historians tried to interpret „inconvenient” events (that after settling in the Carpathian Basin in the early 10th century, pagan and nomadic Magyar tribes led a series of military campaigns against the organized states of Christian Europe) in a way that they could still insert into the master narrative of the glorious national past, utilizing the required methodology of historiography. Miroslav Michaela’s  study is dealing with an analysis of political and symbolic levels of the cult of St. Stephen in (Czecho)slovakia during the inter-war period.

RCH „Lendület” Medieval Hungarian Economic History Research Team led by Boglárka Weisz will receive priority support in the „Momentum” Program of the Hungarian Academy Sciences from July 2015 to June 2020. The Driving Forces of the Hungarian Economy in the Centuries of the Middle Ages Program conducts an interdisciplinary research of the factors that influence the way the economy of Hungary operates and changes throughout and beyond the Middle Ages, as from an economic historian’s point of view, 1526 cannot be considered an end of an era and a beginning of a new one.

vt2015-1 borito 1The first issue of World History (Világtörténet) for 2015 is a thematic issue dedicated to the topic of „Medieval Diplomacy and the Holy See” edited by Renáta Skorka has been published.

The official and documented form of the relationship between states existed already in the Middle Ages. The envoys sent out in order to protect the persons and wealth of subjects, to settle armed conflicts, or to establish formal alliances, and in the meantime collecting news and information, acted in the medieval period upon ad hoc commissions, and their tasks were related not to geographical regions but to actual tasks. The foreign policies of medieval powers were entrusted to such occasional diplomats, prelates, monks, merchants, intellectuals or lay aristocrats, who were naturally expected to be familiar and comply with the legal, traditional, cultural and ceremonial rules of diplomatic protocol. It is far from surprising that in the 13th to 15th centuries the most widespread diplomatic relations were nurtured by the Papal state, which frequently intervened on the behalf of individuals or states as a protector, mediator, arbitrator or intriguer. All of these roles are either exemplified or at least hinted at in the papers which appear in this second medieval issue of the review Világtörténet.

 

nationalismInternational conference titled War Nationalisms: Nation- and State-Building Efforts in East Central Europe 1914–1918 was held in Budapest, on 23 June 2015, organized by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Research Center for the Humanities, Institute of History and the Hungarian Historical Association.

Exactly one hundred years ago in 1915, the Great War entered its second year. This period brought the realization that speedy victories were unrealistic forcing all those involved to consider new strategies. The purpose of this international conference is to further scholarly debates on the subject of nationalism among the nations of East Central Europe by looking at the experiences of the war from their respective positions.

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