This issue covers a wide range of topics, including the underexplored origins of the Hungarian labor service in the mid-1930s, the ideologically charged reception of the first major trial focusing on the Holocaust in the early 1960s, the history of human emotions, the “cold” history of a bureaucracy, the economic motivation and involvement of local perpetrators, and the specific experiences of Hungarian Jewish ghetto dwellers in various ghettos and slave laborers in an unfamiliar and inhospitable metropolis. Free for download at

Borito1 2015 2 hhr webHow did participants perceive and interpret the violence of war and their own roles in it?  Why did they write about their experiences afterwards? What kinds of survival strategies did peasants, citizens and nobleman develop amidst the everyday experiences of brutality, devastation and death? How was extreme cruelty remembered, and how was war experienced? How did reality and mythology (about the extreme brutality of the enemy, for instance) blend in individual memory and in the cultural memories of communities?

Gabriella Erdélyi
Special Editor of the Thematic Issue


vt2015 3 borito emailThe third issue of World History (Világtörténet) for 2015, a thematic issue dedicated to the topic of „The Great War and the Balkans” edited by László Bíró has been published. As recently new interpretations have appeared in the literature and the earlier debates regarding the role and responsibility of the small states in the outbreak of WWI have deepened further, the editorial board has decided to publish a thematic issue on the connection between the Balkan peninsula and WWI. We did not intend to outline a summary or synthesis, which task cannot be assigned to a journal with limited space, but rather to emphasize certain problems and focus on debated questions, like state-building in the Balkans; international peace-keeping and the powers; the responsibility of nations states and their willingness to contribute to the settling of international relations; instruments of enforcing economic interests; the aims of cultural penetration and dissemination and humanitarian aid.

PremoThe Premodern Diplomats Network, founded two years ago, will hold its fourth conference on the 25th and 26th of September in our institute. At the event Splendid Encounters: Diplomats and Diplomacy in the Early Modern World researchers from a variety of European countries come together to discuss their experiences in the study of the history of diplomacy between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries. The conference programme is available here.

VT 2015 2The second issue of World History (Világtörténet) for 2015 is a thematic issue dedicated to the topic of „The Great War” edited by László Szarka has been published. The centenary of the Great War gave birth to many comprehensive monographs, profound debates on explanations and both thematically and methodologically innovative approaches first of all with emphasis upon transnational aspects. As a result, in the international historiography of the Great War the complex evaluation of this over important event became an absolute imperative.
As the long-lasting consequence of the First World War, we may consider the complete restructuring of the European state system achieved by the peace settlements in Brest-Litovsk, in Versailles and in Sevres. The most controversial issue of the nation- and state-building efforts within the borders of the multi-national dynastic Empires leading up to these catastrophic events is represented almost only in the national historiographies. This edition is dedicated to the evaluation of the extraordinarily complex process of nationalism in Central-Eastern and South-Eastern Europe which on the one hand had been radicalised within the Empires, on the other hand had undoubtedly been promoted to the most important problem in terms of geopolitics and from the point of view of the Great Powers. In addition to the strong dynastic loyalties at the beginning of the war the war events, the brutal treatment by the civil and military authorities, the millions of refugees and the intense harassment of the nationalities gave way to national feelings and interests.