Jako 56-1

Elena Dragomir’s essay (Reacţii ale populaţiei româneşti în contextul evenimentelor din Ungaria 1956. [The effects of the Hungarian events in 1956 on the population of Romania] Arhivele Totalitarismului, I. 1-2/2010. 96–110.; II. 1-2/2011. 73–92.), published in two parts is about the effects of the Hungarian revolution and freedom fight of 1956 in Romania outlined by Klára Jakó. The Romanian political and social situation in 1956 is investigated in the light of the Hungarian events of the same year in the essay. One of its goals is to prove that the Hungarian revolution had an effect on the whole of Romania, not only among Hungarians in Transylvania. A special attention is paid to the role of foreign radio channels in informing the Romanian population about the Hungarian revolution, emphasizing the importance of the Hungarian Radio in the case of Hungarians in Transylvania. The essay outlines the hypothesis that news about Hungarian events was in fact spread principally by „information assemblies” and information distributed by official „agitators”.
The author finds that there was an increasing level of discontent among the Romanian population, however the system of oppression functioned very effectively, suppressing every initiative to create some kind of social movement.

Klára Jakó

 

Bois 2Lectures at the Institute of History

10.02. 2012.

Jean-Pierre Bois, professor emeritus at Université de Nantes, researcher of military history and international relations of early modern Europe, was the guest of the Institute and gave a lecture about the topic of his latest book “La paix ; histoire politique et militaire” (Perrin, 2011).

Lango 017Session of the HAS RCH Hungarian Prehistory Research Team, Sept. 28, 2012.
Council Hall of HAS RCH Institute of History

From the 9th century one of the early Hungarians neighbours’ of crucial importance – sometimes as an ally, sometimes as enemy – was Byzantium. The empire of Leo the Wise and later his son, Constantine Porphyrogennetos regarded the Hungarian Principality, led by Álmos and his heirs, as an unpleasant but sometimes very useful neighbour. The multi-faceted relationship of the two states is mirrored by the archaeological findings. At this period Byzantium was a thriving empire. However, Hungarians were far from being the chief concern of Byzantine leaders.  

ostortenet rovasiras 009The Hungarian Prehistory Research Team of the Institute of History (Research Centre for the Humanities, Hungarian Academy of Sciences) held its lecture and discussion session on 14th June, 2012, about the Székely script.

The Székely script is a kind of letter writing script, which was used among the Székelys of south-east Transylvania. Its origin is still controversial, though it has been studied by many scholars throughout the centuries.

szekely 136The Transylvanian Museum Society’s affiliate society in Gyergyószentmiklós (Gheorgheni) and the Adult Education Society of Gyergyó held a conference in Gyergyószentmiklós (Gheorgheni) on 7–8 June, 2012, titled as Hungarian kings and Transylvanian princes from a foreign viewpoint. Four researchers of our institute participated in the conference with lectures: Attila Zsoldos (lecture: II. András [Andrew II]), Boglárka Weisz (Was Károly I [Charles I] a Reformer?), Enikő Csukovits (The Unknown King Zsigmond [Sigismund]) and István Tringli (II. László [Ladislaus II]).

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